What is the difference between design team driven BIM and developer driven BIM?
BIM has finally arrived to where it belongs, with the developers them self. We are looking at a brighter future in-terms of reducing risks, increased financial gain and improved abilities to manage the built assets. But only if we implement standards and processes (BIM) in the right places and to its full potential.
Looking back at the experience we have gained since BIM Level 2 became official back in 2016. We have collected a lot of best practices and we have developed technology and solutions. But we have also learned what not to do and where the weaknesses and issues are with BIM. Even though gaining this experience has been challenging and frustrating at times. We can now apply BIM more effectively within the developers organisations with a focus on the business objectives.
Quick re-cap on what is going on with BIM in the UK.
From April 2016 BIM Level 2 was made official and its adoption has been gradually growing by roughly 10% per year since. This growth is mainly within the design sector and we are now looking at an 80% UK market adoption. So, the design sector should be ready to hand over the BIM torch.
The drive behind BIM in the UK is a Government led ambition intended to help improving its construction interest. We have seen a growth in the popularity across the industry both nationally and internationally and the BIM concept is proven to be beneficial. As a result, and timely coordinated with the UK governments plans for the future of the UK construction industry. The ISO 19650 was published in December 2018. In short, this ISO is derived from the UK BIM Level 2 process and focus on the developer’s ownership of the Information and BIM management on the projects. Meaning that BIM should favour the developer’s business objectives. As such, the adoption of BIM from 2019 should be tailored to the developers business needs.
What is the issue with BIM?
Over the years, in my experience, most of the BIM projects (50+) I have supported have been design team led. Sure, the upswing of the Information Manager (IM) function has helped to shift focus slightly to the client needs, but not sufficiently. Meaning that the design teams have defined the scope for BIM and advised the clients on what should/will be delivered and how. In many cases this type of design team collaboration has also been driven by software preferences and often solely focused on 3D coordination. Even with the appointment of an IM, projects are still very much design focused. Why is this an issue? Because, the developers are by-passed in the time and cost management of the design stages that are defined by factors such as collaboration, technology, process and abilities. The output (the design) is derived from these factors. And if the production of the output does not meet the developer’s business objectives. The risk, cost and time will not only increase during the design stages but also for the entirety of the asset life span. As it is now, the developers pay for this as an additional cost that was never considered.
It is not a difficult answer to; what we should do about the risk, cost ad time issues?
Implement the control of the standards, processes, technology and ability in the developers organisations and drive the project from the top and in advance of RIBA PoW Stage 1.
At AEC People we implement standards, processes and technology directly in to the business and enable the client to instruct, advice and support the design team down the chain.
To prepare for developer driven BIM projects we have also adapted the BIM implementation for the contractors to work directly from the client’s business objectives and drive the design stages from the top.
For the design teams we have a completely different implementation approach. We prepare the design practice to be compliant with the developers or contractors requests and needs. And to be fully functional as an ISO 19650 coordinated team that can deliver what, how and when is required.
Meaning that the Architects and Engineers can focus on being Architects and Engineers. Leaving the developers and contractors to focus on their functions.
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